Cocaine and Crack Addiction

Cocaine and crack cocaine derive from the coca plant native to South America. These stimulants are highly addictive and, although illegal, readily available. An addiction involving either of these drugs is extremely dangerous and potentially fatal. Addiction experts at Rehab Carolinas have the experience and knowledge required to guide clients along the road to recovery. 

Page of Contents

Cocaine and Crack– What’s the Difference?

The main distinction between the two substances is the method of production. Crack is made by blending water, baking soda and cocaine before cooking it, resulting in a crystallized rock. Cocaine remains in its natural form, a white powder that is either snorted or injected.  

What are the Effects of Crack and Cocaine Use?

Similar to other illicit and dangerously potent drugs, crack and cocaine both provide short and long-term effects. Short-term effects of both drugs include:

  • Increased heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Paranoia/anxiety
  • Heavy breathing
  • Hyper-activeness

 

A bag of crack cocaine.

With continued use, the long-term effects of cocaine and/or crack cause serious physical and psychological damage.  The effects of long-term cocaine and/or crack abuse may include:

  • Heavy cravings to use
  • Respiratory problems
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease and/or failure
  • Mood swings
  • Development of mood disorders like General Anxiety Disorder and Chronic Depression
  • Psychosis
  • Infertility in males
  • Seizures which can result in stroke and/or death

 

How Does Crack Addiction Occur?

The human brain consists of receptors which send and receive messages in order to release naturally produced chemicals.  These chemicals produce a euphoric effect once the drug is administered. Because drug use interferes with the body’s natural process, the brain eventually becomes incapable of  producing these chemicals naturally.  This phenomenon is known as dependence. And, the potential for developing dependence with cocaine/crack use is extremely high for even first time users.

Once dependence forms, addiction is close behind. Characteristics of a crack or cocaine addiction include experiencing negative side effects of drug use but continuing use regardless. 

Treating Crack and Cocaine Addiction at Rehab Carolinas

When an individual who is dependent on crack or cocaine ceases to use, withdrawal symptoms occur. This happens because the body is used to the presence of the drug. Withdrawal symptoms can be both physical and psychological. While physical withdrawal symptoms may only last days or a week at most, the psychological withdrawal symptoms of detoxing from crack and cocaine can last months. This is why it’s imperative that individuals addicted to crack or cocaine receive professional assistance.

Throughout treatment, individuals dependent on crack and/or cocaine can learn to develop relapse prevention techniques that combat the psychological withdrawal symptoms of the drug. Those in treatment learn to  combat the real underlying causes of addiction whether they be traumatic circumstances of the past, concurring mood disorders, or a lifestyle imbalance.

Ready for Help with a Cocaine or Crack Addiction?

If you or a loved one is experiencing cocaine or crack addiction, there IS help available to you TODAY. You don’t have to wait to get your life back from drug addiction. Call us today to speak with an experienced staff member at our treatment facility. 

Rehab Carolinas logo